There are many foods that are able to be canned, whether by water bath method or pressure canning. We have several books that can help you in your canning endeavors, here are those canning books with a little info as to what can be found in each one:
In the pages of the Ball Blue book you will find great info for a beginner canner, including methods on how to preserve foods other than canning, such as dehydrating. Several of the instructions have great visual aids, particularly the green beans on pg. 70. A wonderful little guide to preserving that will be a great addition to any canner's collection.
The Ball Complete Book of Home Preserving has over 400 different preserving recipes. Most of which are canning recipes (waterbath and/or pressure). This book even includes a produce purchase guide to help ensure that you are purchasing the freshest food possible for your preserving. Recipes included are for a variety of skill levels from beginner to pro. This book is a great addition to those wanting more recipes for their preserving endeavors.
The Complete Book of Small-Batch Preserving contains over 300 different preserving recipes as well as a chapter on preserving by freezing. The recipes are smaller batches too so that if you aren't wanting to can a lot, you can preserve just the amount of food that you will need.